Greek philosophy

Greek philosophy

Islamic Philosophy. . 2007.

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  • Greek philosophy — Ancient Greek philosophy focused on the role of reason and inquiry. Many philosophers today concede that Greek philosophy has shaped the entire Western thought since its inception. One scholar has noted, Western philosophy is just a series of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ancient Greek philosophy — Raphael s School of Athens, depicting an array of ancient Greek philosophers engaged in discussion. Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued through the Hellenistic period, at which point Ancient Greece was incorporated …   Wikipedia

  • Dyad (Greek philosophy) — The Dyad is a title used by the Pythagoreans for the number two, representing the principle of twoness or otherness . Numenius said that Pythagoras gave the name of Monad to God, and the name of Dyad to matter.[1][Need quotation to verify]… …   Wikipedia

  • Pentad (Greek philosophy) — The pentad was a Pythagorean term for the number five. A pentagram, symbol of the pentad, was used by the as a secret sign to recognize each other.cite book |author=Ghyka, Matila C. |title=The geometry of art and life |publisher=Dover… …   Wikipedia

  • Decad (Greek philosophy) — Pythagorus regarded the number 10, or decad as being a perfect number, which was often represented by the tetractys,[1][2] which embraced the whole nature of number.[3] References ^ God in Greek philosophy to the time of Socratees, Roy Kenneth… …   Wikipedia

  • Monad (Greek philosophy) — Monad (from Greek μονάς monas , unit ; monos , alone ), [Compact Oxford English Dictionary.] which according to the Pythagoreans, was a term for God or the first being, or the totality of all beings. Monad being the source or the One meaning… …   Wikipedia

  • Triad (Greek philosophy) — The Triad is a Pythagorean title for the number three. According to Priya Hemenway they considered it the most beautiful number, as it is the only number to equal the sum of all the terms below it, and the only number whose sum with those below… …   Wikipedia

  • Tetrad (Greek philosophy) — The tetrad or number four is the first number formed by the addition and multiplication of equals. To the Pythagoreans, this symbol and number represented justice as it is the first number that is divisible every way into equal parts. [Hemenway,… …   Wikipedia

  • Philosophy — • Detailed article on the history of the love of wisdom Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Philosophy     Philosophy     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Greek arithmetic, geometry and harmonics: Thales to Plato — Ian Mueller INTRODUCTION: PROCLUS’ HISTORY OF GEOMETRY In a famous passage in Book VII of the Republic starting at Socrates proposes to inquire about the studies (mathēmata) needed to train the young people who will become leaders of the ideal… …   History of philosophy